In July 2018 the United Nations along with many governments in the world came to a negotiated agreement entitled “Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration.”
Heads of State and Government and other representatives held a meeting in Morocco on December 10 and 11 to reaffirm the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants. They are determined to make an important contribution to enhance cooperation on international migration in all its dimensions, and have adopted the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration.
In the preamble it is clearly stated that refugees and migrants are entitled to the same universal human rights and fundamental freedoms, which must be respected, protected and fulfilled at all times. The Global Compact presents a non-legally binding, cooperative framework that builds on the commitments agreed upon by Member States in the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants.
In the section on Guiding Principles, the document states that it strives to create conducive conditions that enable all migrants to enrich our societies through their human, economic and social capacities, and thus facilitate their contributions to sustainable development at every level of society.
With respect to human rights, it states that the compact is based on international human rights law and upholds the principles of non-regression and non-discrimination.
Minimize the adverse drivers and structural factors that compel people to leave their country of origin
Prevent, combat and eradicate trafficking in persons in the context of internationalmigration
- Provide access to basic services for migrants
Eliminate all forms of discrimination and promote evidence-based public discourse to shape perceptions of migration
Promote faster, safer and cheaper transfer of remittances and foster financial inclusion of migrants
- Review progress on a state-level process
- Establish and International Migration Review Forum which will begin in 2022
United Nations Regional Economic Commissions or Regional Consultative Processes, to review the implementation of the Global Compact within the respective regions, beginning in 2020
All Member States are encouraged to develop, as soon as practicable, ambitious national responses for the implementation of the Global Compact, and to conduct regular and inclusive reviews
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